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Boxing

The earliest evidence of boxing dates back to Egypt around 3000 BC. The sport was introduced to the ancient Olympic Games by the Greeks in the late 7th century BC, when soft leather thongs were used to bind boxers’ hands and forearms for protection.

Later, in Rome, leather thongs were exchanged for the cestus – a glove studded with metal. Unfortunately, this did not help the gladiators involved, as boxing matches of the era usually ended with the death of one of the contestants.

The format used in the Olympics officially began in 1880, in England. Originally only five weight classes were contested: Bantam, not exceeding 54 kilos; Feather, not exceeding 57 kilos; Light, not exceeding 63.5 kilos; Middle, not exceeding 73 kilos; and Heavy, any weight.

When boxing made its Olympic debut at the 1904 Games in St Louis, it was the USA, the only country entered, which took all the medals.

Since its inclusion in the Olympic programme, boxing has been staged at each edition of the Games, except for 1912 in Stockholm, owing to Swedish law, which forbade the practice. Names such as Muhammad Ali, Joe Frazier, Wladimir Klitschko and Teofilo Stevenson began and shaped their careers with AIBA and their Olympic journeys.

History was made at London 2012, where the first three women Olympic champions ever were crowned. The unstoppable progress and development of women's boxing was confirmed at Rio 2016, and Tokyo 2020 will showcase for the first time 5 weight categories.

TOTAL ATHLETES
82 Athletes (28 women and 54 men)

EVENTS/CATEGORIES
Women / Men / Fly, 48 to 51kg; Feather, 54 to 57kg; Light, 57 to 60kg; Middle, 69 to 75kg (women) / Fly 49 to 52kg; Bantam, 56kg; Light, 60kg; Light Welter, 64kg; Welter, 69kg; Middle, 75kg; Light Heavy, 81kg; Heavy, 91kg; Super Heavy, more than 91kg (mens)

RULES

1

Each bout is made up of three rounds. Each round lasts three (3) minutes, with a one (1) minute rest period between the rounds.

2

Scoring System: The five Judges, randomly selected by an electronic system, are placed on all four sides of the ring. Based on the “Ten Point Must System”, at the end of each round, each Judge must determine the winning Boxer of that round by awarding a score of ten (10) points and by awarding nine (9) or less points - down to seven (7) - to the losing Boxer, depending on the judgment as to the degree to which the opponent lost the round. Every round must have a declared winner.

3

The scores must reflect the following: 10-9: Close Round. 10-8: Clear Winner. 10-7: Total Dominance.

4

The following 3 criteria are used to score a bout: Number of Quality blows on target area, Domination of the bout and Competitiveness.

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